ما المقصود بحالة الطوارئ

تعريف حالة الطوارئ حالة الطوارئ هي عبارة عن إعلان من الحكومة يقوم على إيقاف السلطة القضائية للدولة، وتتوقف على أثرها الحياة الاجتماعية، والسياسية، بسبب بعض الأزمات التي تمر بها الدولة، إضافةً إلى تعليقها الحقوق المدنية العادية، والطلب من المواطنين القيام بإجراءٍ مُحدّد، كما يمكن تغيير العمليات الحكومية،[١] وتستمر فترة حالة الطوارئ حتى يقرر الحاكم أنه لا حاجة إليها بعد.[٢] أمّا الأزمة التي تمر بها البلاد أثناء حالة الطورائ فتكون عبارةً عن حدثٍ غير عادي، نتيجة كوارث طبيعية، أو أسباب غير طبيعية، وتتعرض على أثرها صحة، وسلامة، وموارد السكان إلى الخطر، وتكون على نطاقٍ واسع، وبحالةٍ غير اعتيادية، ممّا يصعب الأمر على الحكومة في اتخاذ الإجراءات الاعتيادية.[٣] تبعات حالة الطوارئ تكون أوضاع الدولة بعد حالة الطوارئ كما يأتي:[٤] الأعمال التجارية: لا يتمّ فرض أي من السياسات على الأعمال والشركات التجارية في حالة الطوارئ من قبل الحكومة، ولكنّ هذا لا يمنعها من فرض الإغلاق عليها في الحالات القصوى، خاصةً إذا لم يرسلوا الموظفين إلى منازلهم عند إعلان حالة الطوارئ. المدارس: إغلاق المدارس يعتمد على درجة حالة الطورائ، وتستطيع كلّ منطقة التصرف تبعاً لهذه الحالة، فإمّا تقوم بالتأخير، أو إغلاق المدارس، أو تستمر بالتعلم. المكاتب الحكومية: إعلان حالة الطوارئ لا يسمح لموظفي الدولة إغلاق المكاتب تلقائياً والتوقف عن العمل، بل يتمّ إبلاغهم بذلك من خلال الإشعارات الداخلية أو وسائل الإعلام. حظر السفر: تتمتع المكاتب الحكومية بكافة الصلاحيات في أخذ القرارت أثناء حالات الطوارئ، وحسب الحالة يتخذ هؤلاء القرار الذي يضمن سلامة وآمان المواطنين، حتّى لو تطلبت الحالة حظر السفر.[٣] شروط العمل بحالة الطوارئ على الرغم من أنها حالة يتم تطبيقها في الظروف الاستثنائية، إلا أن إعلانها يخضع لشروط، وهي:[٥] وجود الظرف الاستثنائي الذي يُهدّد نظام الدولة العام. عدم قدرة الإدارة في الدولة على مواجهة الظرف والتصدي له، وبالتالي اضطرارها إلى استخدام وسائل ظرفية واستثنائية، لمنع الخطر وإيقافه. التزام الإجراء المتخذ في حالة الطوارئ بالظرف الذي تواجهه البلاد، وبقدر الضرر فقط، فلا يتجاوز القدر المطلوب لاجتياز هذا الظرف الاستثنائي، ولمنع الضرر، والخطر عن البلاد.

المراجع

“State of emergency”, www.law.cornell.edu, Retrieved 28-2-2018. Edited. ↑ “State of Emergency Information”, www.readysalem.org, Retrieved 28-2-2018.page 2 Edited. ^ أ ب “State of Emergency Information”, www.capemaycountynj.gov, Retrieved 28-2-2018 . Edited. ↑ “State of Emergency Information”, www.mass.gov, Retrieved 28-2-2018. Edited. ↑ محمود أبوصوي، “حالة الطوارئ في الوطن العربي وتقييد حقوق اإلنسان “دراسة مقارنة””، www.dustour.org، اطّلع عليه بتاريخ 28-2-2018.صفحة 9. بتصرّف.

67 تعليق

  1. Great info. Lucky me I found your blog by chance (stumbleupon). I’ve book-marked it for later!|

  2. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you really recognise what you are speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Please also talk over with my site =). We will have a link alternate contract among us|

  3. I am truly thankful to the holder of this site who
    has shared this wonderful article at here.

  4. Quality articles or reviews is the main to
    attract the people to pay a visit the web page,
    that’s what this web page is providing.

  5. Roblox is home to an ever-expanding library of community-created worlds and experiences. Whether you’re in the mood for an epic role-playing adventure game or just want to hang out with your friends, there’s always something new and exciting to play. Roblox is a multiplayer gaming platform, with over 50 million users per month. The platform is built on user-generated games, most of which are free to play for all players. Are you at home bored and can’t find any game to pick? Well, Roblox is here to solve your boredom and also let you have a good gaming time with your friends. Roblox here premises to offer you a time full of fun and adventure with your friends and have a good time. This can also be downloaded on any device that you want. We will provide you with all the information you need and require to make it more fun. The interesting thing about Roblox is that it has a wide variety of games to choose from. Many games are based on Role-Play, so the player can get to be whoever he wants to be. Let’s get to know more about the game and how to download it for your PC. Let’s get started!
    https://mega-wiki.win/index.php/Gift_code_idle_heroes
    Use your mouse to play Ice Princess Doll House Design The film is the twentieth entry in the Barbie film series. It was directed by Zeke Norton. Barbie Princess Charm School Games Video “You Can Tell She’s a Princess” is the theme song of the film and appears during the introductory credits, while “On Top of the World” plays during a montage of Blair training to become a princess. Use your mouse to play Initial Thoughts: This was the last barbie movie I watched while I was in the target age group for these films. I had fond memories of it, and I still occasionally re-watch it with my sisters. I’ve had a bit more time to think about this one. Upon rewatching it today my opinion hasn’t changed much. This movie is good.


  6. Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!|

  7. I think this is one of the such a lot important info for me. And i am satisfied studying your article. However want to observation on few general things, The website style is perfect, the articles is really nice : D. Just right job, cheers|

  8. Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea|

  9. You ought to take part in a contest for one of the most useful websites online. I am going to highly recommend this web site!|

  10. Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one
    and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments?

    If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or
    anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any support is
    very much appreciated. part time jobs hired in 30 minutes https://parttimejobshiredin30minutes.wildapricot.org/


  11. Undeniably consider that that you stated. Your favourite justification appeared to be at
    the internet the easiest factor to have in mind of. I say to you,
    I definitely get annoyed even as folks think about worries that they
    just don’t recognize about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest as smartly as defined out the
    whole thing with no need side effect , other
    folks can take a signal. Will probably be again to get more.
    Thank you scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  12. Hey! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 4!
    Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to
    all your posts! Keep up the excellent work! quest bars http://bitly.com/3C2tkMR quest bars

  13. This is a topic that’s close to my heart…
    Best wishes! Exactly where are your contact details though?


  14. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this web page, as i wish for enjoyment,
    since this this website conations genuinely nice funny
    stuff too.

  15. I got this web site from my buddy who told me concerning this
    web site and at the moment this time I am visiting this website and reading very informative content at this place.

  16. Great blog you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any forums that cover the same topics talked
    about in this article? I’d really like to be a part of online
    community where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

  17. Isotretinoin Acutane Pills No Physician Approval Overseas

اترك تعليقاً

لن يتم نشر عنوان بريدك الإلكتروني.